Cómo iniciar un negocio minorista en 13 pasos

Opening a retail store requires more careful planning than meets the eye, especially in todays competitive landscape. To open a successful brick-and-mortar store, you need a business plan (including market research) and legal structure for your business, an ideal storefront location, startup funding (around $100,000), products, and a team of employees ready to sell. Plus, youll want to launch your online store and start marketing.

Learn how to start a retail business in 13 simple steps:

1. Create a Retail Store Business Plan

Creating a formal business plan is a crucial step for starting any business. Writing a business plan gives you a definitive path to follow, ensures youve done proper market research, and sets you up for success.

The Small Business Administration (SBA) outlines two types of business plans : traditional and lean startup. Traditional business plans are more thorough and ideal if youre requesting funding such as loans. Lean startup business plans are more informal and designed for businesses that are more fluid and will change a lot as they grow. You can also create a shorter, one-page business plan .

When opening a retail store, we recommend following a traditional business plan. Its more detail-oriented, and it can never hurt to be too prepared. Plus, it will give you a more concrete outline to show business partners or possible investors, such as banks.

The nine elements of a traditional business plan are:

  • Executive summary : High-level paragraph outlining your companys purpose, mission, and why it will be successful.
  • Company description : Be specific about your companys details, including what problem you are solving, how you will solve it, what consumers you plan to serve, and the talent on your team.
  • Market analysis : Include industry outlook and trends, what successful competitors are doing, and what your strengths will be.
  • Organization and management : Outline who will be running your business and the experience your team members have in retail or startup environments.
  • Product line : Outline what kinds of products you will sell, why they are needed, and include any research and development on private labels or proprietary custom products.
  • Marketing and sales : Describe the tactics you will use to obtain and retain customers.
  • Funding requests : If you need outside funding, outline your needs and specify exactly how you will use the funds.
  • Financial projections : Detail how your business will become stable and profitable, including a projected financial timeline of at least five years.
  • Appendix : Use this space for any supplemental documents such as product prototypes and pictures, credit histories, licenses, permits, and so on.

This may seem like a lot of information, but its best to keep each section succinct so readers can easily get through the entire document and absorb all of the informationthe why behind the how you will start a retail business.

When it comes to actually writing and formatting your business plan, there are a few different options to choose from. Of course, you can type away in traditional word processing software like Microsoft Word or Google Docs. You can also build your business plan as a slideshow in PowerPoint, which is a great option if you need to present your plan to an audience.

There are also business plan software tools available such as LivePlan , that have industry-specific templates. You can also use this business plan template and checklist . Alternatively, you can enlist the help of business plan writing services .

2. Determine Your Niche & Select Products

Carving out a niche for your retail store helps differentiate your business from the competition. With retail giants like Amazon and Walmart, the competition is fiercer than ever. And truthfully, many large retailers, like department and box stores, carry very similar products. Having a unique perspective will help you offer something shoppers cant get at their local Target (aside from feeling great about shopping small).

A niche market is a small group of consumers who share a specific interest. The narrower the interest, the easier it is to become the go-to retail destination for that market. For example, there may be a dozen stores in town that sell pet products, but you may be the only retailer that specializes in dog costumes.

Our guide on how to find a niche market outlines three steps retailers can take to find their niche:

  1. List your hobbies and interests : As a store owner, you will spend a lot of time engulfed in your chosen niche, so your own interests are a good place to start. Plus, choosing something youre interested in will make your store more authentic.
  2. Research the potential for each niche : Make sure you choose a topic that has good money-making potential by doing research on Google Trends and checking out competitors on social media.

The phrase dog costumes appear to be trending downward in search, indicating a different niche may present a more long-term opportunity.

  1. Research potential profits : Determine how profitable each niche could be by looking at industry statistics and Amazon bestsellers lists to see what sales are like for your chosen categories. You can also research wholesale prices for products on sites like Alibaba and compare them to typical retail prices to get a sense of potential profit margins.

Amazon bestsellers lists highlight popular products by category.

Sourcing Products From Suppliers

Once youve narrowed in on your niche products, its time to find a reliable supplier for those products. When figuring out how to source products for your retail business, youll first need to understand the different options:

  • Manufacturer : You develop the product concept and outsource the creation. This option allows for the most control over the product but also takes comparatively long.
  • Wholesaler : Wholesalers develop products and sell them in bulk to retailers for a discounted price. Retailers then resell those items for a profit. This is the quickest route for product sourcing but also allows for the least control over the product.
  • Dropship : Dropshipping is when you sell products directly to customers and then outsource the manufacturing and fulfillment for each order. Dropshipping is the most hands-off option, but also yields the lowest profit margins.

When choosing your supplier, research a few different options and order samples from two to five suppliers. Undergo quality assurance testing to narrow down which items you want to source. From there, nurture vendor relationships with effective communication and efficient paymenteventually you can negotiate discounts, especially for high-volume orders.

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought many challenges to supply chains all over the world. This has impacted nearly every supplier out there. When vetting your options, ask how theyre handling such challenges and what their plans are should unexpected closures or lockdowns occur. As a retailer, you can plan for these issues by padding timelines and giving yourself some breathing room in case there are delays outside of your control. Have multiple suppliers for your most popular products, and choose local suppliers when possible.

Retail Market Research

Instead of picking a few niches youre interested in and then doing research, you can also start by doing primary market research on your target audience and figure out their interests. If youre opening a brick-and-mortar storefront, you can study your audience directly to determine their needs. Its possible, and likely, there are some specific needs locals have that your store can fill.

Effective market research tactics include:

Sending Out Surveys for Your Retail Store

Surveys are an easy and effective way to gather a lot of useful data. Established businesses typically use their customer database to send out emails. But because you dont yet have a customer database, you can promote your survey through local Facebook groups and targeted Facebook ads.

Your first surveys can be very broad and simply ask local consumers why they like their current favorite stores and interests. As you get closer to choosing specific products, you can send out surveys to measure customer interest and reaction to specific items. We outline this kind of product development survey and offer a free template in our customer satisfaction survey article .

Conducting Consumer Panels & Focus Groups

Surveys can provide more accurate data than a focus group or consumer panel, but these types of information-gathering sessions can provide nuanced details and deeper insights that might otherwise be missed in a survey.

Tips for how to conduct focus groups:

  • Keep your group small : Around eight to 10 participants is ideal so everyones voice can be heard.
  • Incentivize participants : In your advertisements, make it clear there is a cash or gift card compensation for their time.
  • Choose participants wisely : Have participants RSVP to make sure they live or work near your stores future location.
  • Have participants fill out a contact form before you begin : Provide consent forms indicating their responses will be recorded.
  • Start with general questions : Get the group started by asking general icebreaker questions. Then move into asking for feedback on products and shopping preferences.
  • Make sure everyone gets equal talking time : Your goal is to get a variety of opinions, so do your best to prevent one or two participants from dominating the conversation.
  • Stay neutral : Remember to stay open to feedback and dont guide participants or try to persuade them. Focus groups are all about collecting feedback. Theres no need for consensus.

3. Develop Your Brand

Your products are just one part of your retail business. Customers also connect with your brand. Developing a brand is so important because it attracts new customers and builds strong relationships with your customers. Your brand identity is the essence of who you are as a storeit identifies your why. And while you only get seven seconds to make a first impression , it takes up to seven impressions to create brand awareness. Consistent branding is crucial for that.

Ask yourself why your business exists. Tap into your market researchlook at who your biggest competitors are and think about what differentiates your store. All of this information helps build the foundation of your brand. Elements of your brand include:

  • Visual branding such as logo , storefront, fonts, signage , and colors.
  • Store name and slogan that are completely unique to you. Use this free business name generator to help come up with ideas.
  • Mission statement and vision statement that outline how you want to serve your community and customers.
  • Positioning in your niche, market, communityand what sets you apart from the competition.

4. Choose a Legal Structure for Your Retail Business

Choosing a legal structure for your business is important because it determines how to collect and report taxes, how youll get paid from your business, and your level of personal liability. There are many types of legal structures, but the three most commonly found in retail are sole proprietorships, limited liability companies (LLCs), and corporations.

  • Sole Proprietorship
  • Limited Liability Company
  • Corporation or C-corp

If you dont set up a legal structure for your business, sole proprietorship is the default. It essentially means youre doing business as an individual and therefore not separated from your business in any way. Sole proprietorships are popular options for freelancers, business consultants, and other individuals conducting low-risk and low-visibility work by themselves.

Pros of Sole Proprietorship Cons of Sole Proprietorship
With sole proprietorships, your business revenue is considered personal income. This means you will pay sole proprietorship taxes based on your personal income bracket. While youre subject to self-employment taxes, you do not have to pay any corporate taxes, which is a plus. Sole proprietorships arent a good option for retailers, especially if youre opening one or more storefronts . While theyre the most flexible and easiest to manage, sole proprietorships also come with greater risk. Because you and your business are one and the same, your personal assetssuch as your house and carare at risk if theres any kind of lawsuit against your business or if you declare bankruptcy.

Limited liability companies or LLCs are legal structures for small businesses that protect your personal assets, such as your house and car, in the case of lawsuits or business bankruptcy. This is the most popular legal structure for small retail businesses, and the one we recommend if youre planning on maintaining a single storefront.

Pros of LLC Cons of LLC
LLCs function in a very similar way to sole proprietorships in that theyre flexible. If youre the single owner of the LLC, youll likely still pay taxes the same way you would as a sole proprietorship, but with the benefit of having your personal assets protected from liability. LLC is our recommendation for structuring your retail business because it provides some legal protection while still offering business owners flexibility. However, many states have separate LLC taxes, which may make it more expensive than operating as a sole proprietor.
To form an LLC, you need to choose an official name and file paperwork to establish your company, whereas a sole proprietorship doesnt require any paperwork. Luckily, the paperwork isnt overly extensive and can be filed in just a few steps using a tool like LegalZoom .

Read more about the pros and cons of LLCs .

Corporations or C-corps are the most structured legal form for your retail business. They have strict tax guidelines. When you create a corporation, its a completely new and separate entity in the eyes of the government and the IRS.

Pros of C-corps Cons of C-corps
Corporations are an ideal structure for businesses that want to expand into multiple storefronts, branch out into franchises, eventually become a public company, or secure a lot of outside funding. Corporations provide you the most personal liability protection out of the three legal structures. If youre a small business such as a single storefront, paying taxes as a corporation might be more expensive than if you were structured as an LLC. Since the corporation is a completely separate entity, youll need to pay federal corporate tax and personal income tax. It can also be expensive and time-consuming to form a corporation, and youll need to keep more careful and detailed business records.

5. Organize Your Financials

Regardless of which legal structure you choose, its critical to separate your business finances from your personal accounts right from the beginning. Having a dedicated business account will make it much easier to track expenses and income, which will help you stay on track financially. Plus youll have an easier time filing your taxes. Not to mention, if your personal and business finances are combined, that could pierce the corporate veil of your LLC if things go wrong.

Top Choices for Retail Business Bank Accounts

When it comes to choosing a small business checking account , the options are virtually unlimited. Look for a bank thats small business-friendly with few fees. Make sure there are branches close to your store or home. As a retailer, youll likely be making many cash deposits and making change, so getting to the bank should be convenient.

Consider other features that will make your life easier, such as mobile banking and online check deposit. Consider whether or not the bank has features that will help as your business grows, such as business credit accounts, loans, and overall branch location accessibility.

To get help choosing the best small business banking solutions for your business, check out the following guides:

  • Best Banks for Small Businesses
  • Best Bank Accounts for Self-employed Professionals
  • Best Free Business Checking Accounts
  • Best Online Business Banks in 2022
  • Best Banks for Startups

Invest in Accounting Software for Retailers

In addition to a small business checking account, youll also want to have an accounting software program. There are a lot of expenses associated with running a retail store such as products and shipping, employee wages, and advertising costs. Accurately tracking your income and expenses will help you see exactly how much revenue youre making, understand where your expenses are high, determine your product purchasing budget, and make filing taxes a million times easier.

QuickBooks is one of our favorite accounting programs for small businesses because it is affordable, user-friendly, and integrates with many popular retail point-of-sale (POS) systems (well cover POS systems below). Its particularly good for retailers because it has retail-specific report bundles available, including reports like gross margin by inventory volume, and integrates with ecommerce solutions. QuickBooks plans start at just $10 per month, plus they offer a free 30-day trial.

6. Launch Your Online Store

While you might be opening a physical retail store, you may also want to consider a digital counterpart. Retailers that sold on multiple channelsincluding onlineearned more than $350 billion in sales in 2020. And by 2023, experts predict multichannel sales will make up nearly half of all ecommerce sales.

Your bottom line has a lot of potential gain from launching an online store. Opening online in tandem with your retail store can help you reach a larger audience geographically speaking, and it also gives you another destination and channel through which to nurture existing customer relationships.

Choose an ecommerce platform that integrates with your POS system and accounting software. Most modern platforms have templates and tools to help you design your store, or you can hire a professional to help. Dont forget that selling online also requires the extra step of order fulfillment and shipping . So while technically you can offer click and collect , youll also need to figure out a way to get products to customers who arent local.

Not sure where to start with your ecommerce site? We put together an entire guide to take you through how to start an online store . You can also check out these resources:

  • Best Free Ecommerce Website Builders
  • BigCommerce vs Shopify: Which Ecommerce Platform Is Best for Your Business?
  • Shopify Review: Is It the Best Ecommerce Solution for You?
  • WooCommerce Review: Is It the Right Ecommerce Solution for Your Business?

7. Secure Funding for Your Retail Store

Opening a retail store requires a lot of upfront investment. You need to sign a lease on a physical space, invest in renovating that space, purchase products, set up your POS system and payment processing hardware, advertise like crazy, invest in a grand opening, and pay staff. It sounds expensive because it is expensive. Altogether, opening a retail store can cost up to $100,000.

To fund your retail store, ideally you have a decent chunk of your upfront costs saved up that you can invest personally. But there are also plenty of small business funding options where you can secure capital from external sources. Some of those options include:

  • Small business loans : You find these loans from banks, credit unions, the SBA, and even your existing network of connections.
  • Credit cards : If youre just starting out and have no business income history, or if you have a lower credit score, choosing a business credit card may be the better option. A credit card will also give you more flexibility to account for unexpected expenses. Visit our guide on the best small business credit cards to see which one may be right for you.
  • Crowdfunding : Crowdfunding is a great way to build buzz for your store and get people financially and personally invested in it. Plus, you dont need to pay this money back.

The biggest factors to consider are the interest rates (APRs), upfront fees, and application requirements.

An alternative option for funding your business is using your IRA or 401(k) retirement account. Your initial reaction to this idea may be Whoa, absolutely not. But using your retirement account to fund your business doesnt necessarily mean youre cashing out or borrowing against your account.

Theres an option called Rollover for Business Startups (ROBS) , which lets you invest retirement funds into your new business without paying taxes or early withdrawal penalties. This process can be complicated. So if youre interested in using your retirement account to fund your business, we recommend working with an experienced provider like Guidant .

8. Choose a Storefront Location to Open Your Retail Store

Choosing a location for your business can seem overwhelming: Where do you start? How do you know if youre choosing a profitable area? Will people even want to come to your location?

When choosing a location for your business, narrow down your options first, based on practicality and convenience. Consider how far youre realistically willing to commute every day for the foreseeable future. Choose areas that are easily accessible from your residence. Spend time in each area to become familiar with specific neighborhood demographics and preferences, and to scope out other local businesses.

Contacting listings directly can offer the best deal; however, working with a real estate agent will give you peace of mind in the contract negotiations and help you find the best space for your business.

  • Analyze Foot Traffic
  • Talk to Your New Neighbors
  • Consider Parking & Signage
  • Dont Ignore Your Budget

For many retailers, foot traffic can account for most, if not all, of your sales. This is especially true for convenience stores, for example, where almost all sales are walk-in impulse buys. But if youre operating a dog costume specialty shop, you might have more customers drive specifically to your store.

Our guide to determining foot traffic outlines how to calculate whether its worth splurging on a prime storefront location. Its also important to consider the different types of foot traffic and what time of day it occurs. It may not always be what you expect.

For example, theres a cafe and bakery in my hometown, both located in a central business district. Its a few minutes out of the way for most commuters, so they do decent business during the morning rush hour. But the cafe is only a block away from the towns middle school. Its business is slammed on weekdays around 2 p.m. with all of the teenagers who walk over when school gets out.

This is one example of a foot traffic pattern you wouldnt be able to predict if you werent familiar with the area, which is why its important to spend lots of time casing out prospective store locations.

Tip : Foot traffic is an important data point to continue using even after your store is up and running. It helps you staff more accurately and identify missed sales opportunities. Solutions like Dor will track foot traffic data and integrate with many popular POS solutions.

In addition to staking out your prospective storefront, inquire about the traffic, shopper demographic, and neighborhood. Ask your listing agent as many questions as you can while viewing the space. But keep in mind their motive of getting a lease signed. Instead, visit neighboring businesses, introduce yourself, and ask business owners or managers if you can take them out for coffee to get some feedback on the location.

Important questions to ask about the property include:

  • Who is the landlord and how is the property managed? Other businesses and employees in the space you are interested in will give you honest feedback about the landlords maintenance style, how they handle things like snow removal, and general property upkeep.
  • Why did the previous tenants leave? Look into tenant turnover in the complex, and talk to tenants who left, if possible, to discuss their experience in the space.
  • Whats the busiest time of day and days of the week? Get other tenants opinions on traffic to the area.
  • How long do tenants stay in the space? If youre in an area surrounded by other storefronts, its best if they are established stores with regular customers that can help drive traffic to your new shop.

In addition to foot traffic and tenant feedback, its also important to consider other storefront factors that can majorly impact your retail business. For example, does the space have a dedicated parking lot? If there isnt a dedicated lot with ample spaces, and street parking is difficult, potential shoppers might not make the effort to visit your store.

Also consider what signage and street-facing display options are available. To draw in all of that foot traffic you monitored, shoppers need to know your business is there. Ideally, your storefront will be facing a busy street. If the location is set further back, is there a large sign by the driveway where passersby can easily see what businesses are inside? Ask the listing agent and neighboring tenant about what signage options are available and who pays for them.

Also, make sure youre aware of any town or city policies that could affect your storefront marketing. For example, some towns place restrictions on how big the sign on the front of your store can be. Other towns forbid temporary signage like A-frames.

As we mentioned earlier, splurging on a prime location can be a savvy move if youre opening the type of retail store that relies heavily on impulse purchases, such as a corner convenience store or a souvenir shop in a tourist town. But most boutiques need to stick within their budgets, which means spending less than 10% of your monthly gross sales on rent.

Learn more in our guide on how to find and lease retail space , including different types of leases and terms to be aware of, and how to calculate your monthly rent budget.

9. Design Your Retail Store Interior

After securing a retail storefront, its time to start strategically planning the interior. Strategically planning your store layout is so important because it has a dramatic impact on in-store sales. A well-designed layout will welcome shoppers, make them feel comfortable, and direct them toward specific products.

Choose a Layout Structure

The first thing you need to decide is what type of floor plan you want. This will largely depend on the type of store youre opening. Most retail stores fit into one of three basic layout categories:

  • Loop or Racetrack
  • Grid or Straight
  • Free Flow Plan

Best for specialty stores, showrooms, and retailers that want to lead shoppers on a specific path throughout the store.

This floor plan is exactly what you would expect: straight angular aisles that are typically found in grocery and box stores.

This is a popular plan for boutiques and allows for lots of creativity in the design process.

Place Your Checkout

A well-positioned checkout will open up prime retail space for displaying products and encourage shoppers to move through more of your store. Instinct might tell you to place your checkout at the front of the store so its most visible or on the right-hand side of your store where traffic tends to flow. But the best place to position a retail checkout counter is often on the left side of a store.

Shoppers naturally veer toward the right side of a store when they walk inside. So thats where you want to display money-making products and new products. Some department stores and larger mall retailers place their checkout counters at the back of the store. But for smaller retailers, placing your checkout toward the front makes it easier for staff to attend the register and keep an eye on the entrance.

This small-footprint retail store layout features a checkout counter on the left side of the store, with featured products displayed on the right side.

Learn more about how to set up your checkout to drive sales .

Outfit With Fixtures & Displays

Once you have the bones of your store layout and checkout counter placed, youll also need to invest in display fixtures, signage, and lighting. Start with parts of the store that will be mostly permanent: counters, lighting installations, dressing rooms, and any fixed shelving.

Because these pieces will be permanent, invest in high-quality items that will form a cohesive look and wont fall out of trend. From there, you can outfit the rest of your store with more affordable, temporary merchandise displays and decorations that are easier to swap out with the seasons or trends.

  • How to select and design retail lighting
  • How to design the best storefront sign for your business
  • Tips for great fitting room design
  • Store design ideas for increasing sales

Position Your Products for Success

Exactly how you merchandise your products will depend on what type of store you have and the layout you choose. But there are a few simple tricks you can use to boost sales in any store environment.

  • Eye level is buy level : Products placed at eye level instead of above or below are more likely to be seen and purchased.
  • Place seasonal products and new arrivals front and center : Many retailers utilize a table display five to 15 feet inside the entrance thats updated almost daily to show off new and limited products.
  • Drive impulse sales at the point of purchase : Think candy at the grocery checkout; placing small, low-cost but useful or appealing items like phone chargers, Chapstick, and lottery tickets near the checkout counter is an effective way to drive add-on sales.
  • Keep it comfortable : Shoppers who spend more time in your store also spend more money; encourage shoppers to stay awhile with Wi-Fi, product demos, and comfortable seating.

For more tips on how to merchandise your store, download our store layout e-book for step-by-step instructions.

Download Free Store Layout Checklist

10. Choose & Install a Retail POS System

Choosing your POS system is a huge step in opening your retail store. POS systems are software programs that bring together sales and retail transactions with inventory and other business management tools, so everything a retailer needs to manage their business is under one streamlined platform.

Using a POS saves time, is easy to use, and provides deeper insights into your sales, inventory, customers, and employee data. Many POS systems also offer built-in payment processing so that you only have to deal with one solution provider. There are many factors to consider when selecting a POS. Before you start seriously considering different options, its important to write down a wish list of what features you want.

Some of the criteria we use to evaluate the best retail POS systems include:

  • Price : Most POS software programs charge a monthly fee, and some also charge extra for certain features like advanced inventory management.
  • Setup and installation process : Some POS systems have a DIY installation process; others charge a hefty professional installation fee.
  • Ease of use : Test out the POS to make sure the interface is comfortable to navigate; also read user and expert reviews to be aware of any glitches or common problems.
  • Inventory management : Make sure the retail inventory management solution you use has features to bulk upload orders, set stock alerts, and create purchase orders directly from the system to save you time.
  • Customer management tools : Almost all POS systems have a customer directory feature, but otherwise, they vary greatly in what loyalty, marketing, and customer feedback features are included.
  • Ecommerce functions : If you have plans to also sell online, make sure the POS you choose also has an online store feature so all of your inventory, customer, and order information syncs between online and offline sales.

For traditional brick-and-mortar stores, boutiques, and specialty shops, we often recommend Lightspeed . Its a small business POS with big business functionality like custom report builders and advanced inventory management tools (such as built-in product ordering) and offers a sophisticated ecommerce platform.

Lightspeed Retail POS

Choose a Credit Card & Payment Processor

The next step is choosing a credit card processing company or merchant services provider. Some POS systems offer their own payment processing while others require you to use a third party. The two most important things to consider when choosing a retail credit card processing company are price and compatibility with your POS.

Credit card processing fees can be notoriously murky and difficult to pin down. Our credit card processing guide defines common terms and breaks down different types of fees in detail.

Essentially, there are three different types of card processing fee structures:

  1. Flat rate : Processing companies charge a set percentage of the transaction; this is usually a good option for retailers such as convenience stores that have lower average sales (under $20).
  2. Interchange-plus : Processing companies pass along the interchange fees from Visa, Mastercard, and similar payment processors and add a per-transaction fee on top; this is usually a good option for most established specialty shops.
  3. Tiered : Processors charge a different rate depending on the type of credit or debit card used in the transaction; we typically dont recommend choosing a processor with this fee structure because its unpredictable and often more expensive.

Some card processing companies also charge monthly fees. Some have lengthier application processes than others. Some traditional merchant accounts also require contracts or have early termination fees. Be careful to read the fine print before signing with a card processing company.

The other thing to consider is whether or not the payment processor integrates with your POS system. Choosing a processor that integrates with your POS is ideal because it prevents human error in transactions and ensures the inventory and sales data in your POS matches reality. We have a guide to choosing the best retail credit card processors .

11. Hire & Train Retail Staff

Last but certainly not least, you need to bring on a stellar group of employees to serve as the front lines of your business. If you havent hired an employee before, navigating the process can be really intimidating. Our new hire checklist outlines all of the gritty steps you need to take such as obtaining an employer identification number (EIN), registering for state and local taxes, and so on.

As a small business retailer, its likely you wont have a dedicated HR team member. And hiring retail workers right now is especially challenging due to COVID-19. More than 600,000 retail workers quit their jobs in April 2021the industrys highest rate in a single month in 20 years. So its more important than ever to take this step seriously.

  • Write Attractive Job Posts
  • Start Training Before Your Grand Opening

The first step in writing an accurate and compelling job post is to create the job description for the position you are hiring, whether store associate or shift manager. Then consider what qualities would be a best fit for the position. Finally, add in at the beginning of the post what your company is and why your future employees will love working there.

In addition to using an all-in-one HR management tool, also consider using an applicant tracking system (ATS) to manage your search for the perfect candidates. An ATS is a software program that streamlines the hiring process and tracks candidates from initial job posting to hire. Here are a couple resources to help you find the right ATS tool for your new business:

  • Best Free Applicant Tracking Systems
  • Best Recruiting Software

Practice makes perfect with any skill, and customer service is no exception. You want your staff ready to delivery A+ service to your guests and shoppers from the minute your store opens. Thats where new hire training comes in.

Hold a paid training boot camp where you practice customer service skills, review store policies, outline expectations, and teach staff about the products in your store. Find ways to incorporate games and contests to keep the training engaging.

Most of training is exposure; you tell them what to do and they understand. But until you commit to having a great sales process, in bite-sized lessons that you practice and role play, you wont be able to hold employees accountable. Without accountability to execute that process every time, youll settle for whoever will work your shifts, youll cripple your ability to succeed, and invariably youll use the losers limp that Amazon was the reason you werent successful. Training isnt something you did onceits something you do.

Bob Phibbs, CEO, The Retail Doctor retail consultancy

12. Build Your Marketing Plan

Now that your brand and store are ready, its time to build a retail marketing strategy . Your marketing strategy will lay the blueprint for launch (as well as pre- and post-launch) to ensure youre attracting a healthy mix of new and repeat customers.

Plan Your Grand Opening

Youve put in months, if not years, of hard work conceptualizing your store and building it from the ground up. A grand opening is an essential way to introduce your business to the community with a bang.

Market in Advance

Planning a party only to have no one show up is really disheartening and definitely not the tone you want to set for your new business. Make sure your event is well attended by recruiting friends and family, but also by starting your advertising efforts as soon as you have a date planned. Draft a press release to send to local media outlets and neighboring businesses. Create an event on Facebook. Take an ad out in the local paper. Go all-out.

Partner With Other Businesses

Working with similar but noncompetitive businesses such as spas, fitness centers, and other types of retailers, is a great way to tap into a preexisting customer base. By involving other businesses, youll spread word of your store to their customers too. Tap into your local chamber of commerce, networking groups, schools, and even youth sports organizations. Invite members from those groups to attend your grand opening festivities.

13. Ensure Youre Compliant

Our final and possibly most important tip for starting a retail business is to ensure youre fully compliant and legal. Be sure to comply with all local laws and regulations when opening a retail store. These include, but are not limited to:

  • Federal tax ID or EIN : Used to identify businesses for tax-paying purposes; this is a nine-digit number issued by the IRS that all employers need to apply for.
  • Sales permit : Issued by the state and allows businesses to sell products and collect sales tax.
  • Certificate of occupancy : Local government issues a certificate stating the building your business is inhabiting is up to code.
  • Sign permits : Some local governments require permits for certain kinds of signage, like the one you may want to display on your storefront.
  • Safety and health information bulletins : You may be required to display certain signage about employee rights or safety information; these are often provided to you, but it never hurts to check with your local government.
  • Local COVID-19 mandates: You might be required to have a fully vaccinated team and put regular testing in place for those who are unvaccinated. Many retailers may have to enforce mask-wearing by workers and customers alike.

If youre unsure where to start or want to be sure youre not missing any compliance aspects, check with your local town hall or municipal center and your local chamber of commerce.

Bottom Line

Opening a retail store takes years of planning. But putting in the time to make a detailed plan and execute accordingly will set you on a path to success once your business is operational.

How do I start my own retail store

Let’s get started.

  1. Step 1: Find your niche.
  2. Step 2: Write a business plan.
  3. Step 3: Register your business.
  4. Step 4: Obtain licenses, permits, and business insurance.
  5. Step 5: Find a physical location and build an online store.
  6. Step 6: Establish relationships with vendors and suppliers.
  7. Step 7: Hire staff.

How can I open a retail store with no money

How to start a business with no money

  1. Find a free business idea.
  2. Write a business plan.
  3. Choose a business name.
  4. Launch a website.
  5. Validate ideas with preorders.
  6. Source funding to grow.

How much do you need to start a retail business

To open a retail store, it is recommended that you budget between $50,000 to $100,000 . Costs will fluctuate based on your store’s size and location. Be sure to plan for an investment in a modern point of sale (POS) system.

What retail business is the most profitable

Top 30 Profitable Retail Business Ideas with Low Investment

  • 1) Grocery store. it is one of the most profitable retail business in today’s environment.
  • 2) Stationery and bookstore.
  • 3) Customized gift shops.
  • 4) Cosmetic store.
  • 5) Perfume stores.
  • 6) Mobile store.
  • 7) Kids store.
  • 8) Sports shop.